BIRD'S EYEVIEW
  • This year again, the UPSC Prelims exam surprised many aspirants who had “expected a certain pattern”.
  • The paper was definitely not easy as it may have appeared at the first glance. In some questions, the options given were very close to each other, while in others some abstruse aspects were asked.
  • The paper was dominated by questions from International Current Affairs, Indian Current Affairs and Government Schemes, & Science and Technology. It is worth nothing that merely cramming current affairs may have limited use, as the questions focussed on testing the student's grasp over the underlying topics.
  • The trend of asking a lot on Environment and Ecology continued. It was interesting to see the stress on Western Ghats’ ecology!
  • As expected there were questions on OBOR, TPP, Indian Navy, Neem-coated urea, EODB, Rivers, IMF, UDAY etc.
  • Some surprising omissions were the Art and Culture topic (0 questions) and General Science (only 1 question on viruses). Now the trend seems to be to avoid asking general science questions.
  • The number of questions asked on government schemes was huge. Almost all major sectors were covered. In 2015, it was expected but they did not ask; and this year they more than compensated for it.
  • Another surprising omission was the foreign policy of the government. Given the hectic activity on this front in the past 12 months, it was surely expected. Except solar alliance, nothing major appeared.
  • Questions on World Affairs, International Institutions and Treaties, were specific as well as general, and some could be answered on the basis of general reading. Some of the questions like the one on WTO subsidy boxes required just a basic understanding of the issue. That became unfair with the really well-prepared student.
  • A significant number of questions from Science and Technology were asked. It shows the evolving scenario of governance models in India!
  • India and World Geography was an area of minor importance with 6 questions. Some of the questions on these areas were not very specific but focussed on understanding of concepts.
  • India's Independence struggle was given the usual importance this year. Though the questions appeared to be simple, some of them had close options which made the job tricky, while others were straightforward.
  • This paper again proved that clearing the UPSC Prelims exam calls for intensive and extensive reading, ability to spot tricky questions and a lot of practice at solving mock tests.
  • At PT's IAS Academy, we have tried to incorporate everything possible on as many topics as possible. We wish our students great luck in the results!
  • At this stage, we would like to suggest students to avoid getting into any speculation regarding the "Cut-Offs" for Prelims. A broad guideline could be General Category- 102 to 107 Marks, OBC - 98 to 102 marks and SC/ST- 88 to 92 marks. If you are anywhere close to these, get cracking for Mains preparations. Do not sulk, do not lose hope. Strange things can happen. All the best!

     


TOPICWISE DISTRIBUTION

CSE Prelims 2016 - Paper I - GS
Topic No. of questions 
Current Affairs - international 18
Current Affairs - Indian (including government schemes) 16
Science and technology (including Agriculture) 15
Environment and ecology 11
Economy of India 10
Ancient and medieval history 10
Modern history (including Indian independence movement) 7
Geography 6
Polity 5
General science 1
Miscellaneous (personalities) 1
Art and culture 0
TOTAL 100

     

DETAILED QUESTIONWISE SOLUTIONS (Set C)

1. ‘Doctors without Borders (Medecins Sans Frontieres)’, often in the news, is

  1. a Division of World Health Organization
  2. a non-governmental international organization
  3. an inter-governmental agency sponsored by European Union
  4. a specialized agency of the United Nations

Sol. Ans (b) Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), or Doctors Without Borders, is an international humanitarian-aid non-governmental organization (NGO). Created in 1971 by a small group of French doctors and journalists who believed that human needs go beyond national borders. It is a Nobel Peace Prize laureate (1999, Peace). Thus, option (a) is wrong. Option (c) and (d) are also wrong. Option (b) is the correct answer.


2. With reference to an initiative called ‘The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB)’, which of the following statements is / are correct?

  1. It is an initiative hosted by UNEP, IMF and World Economic Forum.
  2. It is a global initiative that focuses on drawing attention to the economic
    benefits of biodiversity.
  3. It presents an approach that can help decision-makers recognize, demonstrate and capture the value of ecosystems and biodiversity.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (c) An excellent question on TEEB (The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity) that refers to the dangerous consequences of biodiversity depletion. In March 2007, environment ministers from the G8+5 countries meeting in Germany proposed to initiate the process of analyzing the global economic benefit of biological diversity, the costs of the loss of biodiversity and the failure to take protective measures versus the costs of effective conservation. In response to this proposal, a global study was jointly initiated that same year, led by Pavan Sukhdev. TEEB aims at helping decision-makers understand the value of ecosystems. Hence, option (c) is correct [ 2 and 3 only ]. You can eliminate 1 easily, and that eliminates options (a) and (d).


3. With reference to ‘Red Sanders’, sometimes seen in the news, consider the following statements :

  1. It is a tree species found in a part of South India.
  2. It is one of the most important trees in the tropical rain forest areas of
    South India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Sol. Ans (a) Red Sanders is also called Laal Chandan. It is a non-aromatic sandalwood variety, with technical name Pterocarpus santalinus. It occurs in the forest formation which is classified as ”5A/C3 Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests” as per Champion and Seth Classification and falls in the eco-terrestrial region IM1301 Deccan Thorn Scrub Forests and as well as IM0201 Central Deccan Plateau Dry Deciduous Forests. Hence only statement 1 is correct, not 2. Hence option (a) is correct. A basic knowledge of climate of India would have helped here.


4. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

Proper design and effective implementation of UN-REDD+ Programme can significantly contribute to

  1. protection of biodiversity
  2. resilience of forest ecosystems
  3. poverty reduction

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (d) A tricky question. The UN-REDD ( http://www.un-redd.org/) can be confused with REDD+ which is a similar programme but at later stage. The question made a mistake in naming it UN-REDD+ . There is no such programme, it is only UN-REDD without any plus sign! The UN-REDD Programme, and other multilaterals including the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) and Forest Investment Program (FIP), facilitated by the World Bank, support developing countries with financial and technical assistance to build the capacities to design and implement REDD+ strategies. However, REDD+ is a climate change mitigation solution being developed by Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), that incentivizes developing countries to keep their forests standing. These developing countries would receive results-based payments for results-based actions to reduce forest carbon emissions. The impact would include all three statements 1,2 and 3. Hence answer is (d).


5. What is ‘Greenhouse Gas Protocol?

  1. It is an international accounting tool for government and business leaders to understand, quantify and manage greenhouse gas emissions
  2. It is an initiative of the United Nations to offer financial incentives to developing countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to adopt eco-friendly technologies.
  3. It is an inter-governmental agreement ratified by all the member countries of the United Nations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to specified levels by the year 2022
  4. It is one of the multilateral REDD+ initiatives hosted by the World Bank

Sol. Ans (a) The Greenhouse Gas Protocol (http://www.ghgprotocol.org/) is explained on the official site as – “The Greenhouse Gas Protocol (GHG Protocol) is the most widely used international accounting tool for government and business leaders to understand, quantify, and manage greenhouse gas emissions”. It is a decade-long partnership between the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD). So option (a) is correct, and (b), (c) and (d) are wrong. The name should have given a clue (accounting).


6. With reference to ‘Financial Stability and Development Council’, consider the following statements :

  1. It is an organ of NITI Aayog.
  2. It is headed by the Union Finance Minister.
  3. It monitors macroprudential supervision of the economy. Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (c) This Council was a result of panic post-2008 recession, which hinted at the government’s need to do inter-regulatory supervision for the entire financial sector of India. All details here - http://finmin.nic.in/fsdc/StrucFSDC.pdf . Of course, it cannot be a part of NITI Aayog, hence 1 is wrong. So options (a) and (d) are wrong. Option (c) is correct.


7. With reference to ‘Agenda 21’, sometimes seen in the news, consider the following statements :

  1. It is a global action plan for sustainable development.
  2. It originated in the World Summit on Sustainable Development held in Johannesburg in 2002.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Sol. Ans (a) A trick question. Agenda 21 is a non-binding, voluntarily implemented action plan of the United Nations with regard to sustainable development. So 1 is correct. But it is a product of the Earth Summit (UN Conference on Environment and Development) held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1992 and not the one held at Johannesburg in 2002. Hence 2 is wrong. Hence option (a) is correct.

(Reference - https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/Agenda21.pdf)


8. Satya Shodhak Samaj organized

  1. a movement for upliftment of tribals in Bihar
  2. a temple-entry movement in Gujarat
  3. an anti-caste movement in Maharashtra
  4. a peasant movement in Punjab

Sol. Ans (c) One of the easiest questions, if only you knew the state associated. The Satya Shodhak Samaj was established by Jyotirao Phule in Pune (Maharashtra) in 1873 with the ideals of human well being in broader aspects, human happiness, unity, equality, and easy religious principles and rituals. It was an anti-caste system movement. Answer is (c).


9. Which of the following statements is/are correct ?

Viruses can infect

  1. bacteria
  2. fungi
  3. plants

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (d) Viruses are potent infectious agents which can infect all life forms including bacteria, protozoa, fungi, algae, plants, and animals. They can work only inside the living cells of other organisms, not outside it. Viruses are “organisms on the edge of life” as they are not fully classifiable as life-forms due to absence of cell structures. Answer is (d).


10. The term ‘Base Erosion and Profit Shifting’ is sometimes seen in the news in the context of

  1. mining operation by multinational companies in resource-rich but backward areas
  2. curbing of the tax evasion by multinational companies
  3. exploitation of genetic resources of a country by multinational companies
  4. lack of consideration of environmental costs in the planning and implementation of developmental projects

Sol. Ans (b) This made news several times in past two years, first with the controversies surrounding Google, Apple and others regarding their tax avoidance strategies by locating key units outside home countries; and recently with the Panama Papers expose that laid the mechanism bare. Related concept is the FATCA (Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act of USA). Best answer is (b).


CONGRATULATIONS! Nearly 80-85% of the current affairs questions on International Affairs and Indian Affairs were covered in PT's Knowledge Booster series, and in the lectures on GS itself. Complete coverage to all questions in Polity and Government Schemes. A lot of medieval and ancient history too was covered. Agriculture related questions, not only in Paper I but also all passages in Paper II were covered thoroughly. Environment and Ecology all basic were covered, including treaties and conventions. We have received excellent feedback from all our Self-Prep students regarding their performance. All the best for Mains!
For everyone - use these free resources and learn - Bodhi Booster | Hindi Bodhi Booster | Bodhi News
Detailed sessions on Economic Survey 2017, and Budget 2017 to be available 3 days post the events. Enrolment process to be informed.

11. Recently, India’s first ‘National Investment and Manufacturing Zone’ was proposed to be set up in

  1. Andhra Prdesh
  2. Gujarat
  3. Maharashtra
  4. Uttar Pradesh

Sol. Ans (a) The DIPP had since 2011 given in-principle approval to 12 NIMZs in Nagpur in Maharashtra; Tumkur, Kolar, Gulbarga and Bidar in Karnataka; Medak in Telangana; Chittor in Rajasthan and Kalinganagar in Odisha, among others. However, none of the states other than Andhra Pradesh has been able to make any headway yet. Answer is (a).


12. What is/are the purpose/purposes of ‘District Mineral Foundations’ in India?

  1. Promoting mineral exploration activities in mineral-rich districts
  2. Protecting the interests of the persons affected by mining operations
  3. Authorizing State Governments to issue licences for mineral exploration

Select the correct answer usig the code given below:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (b) The District Mineral Foundations (DMF) are trusts set up as non-profit bodies, in those districts affected by the mining works, to work for the interest and benefit of persons and areas affected by mining related operations. Contributions from miners fund it and it comes under the jurisdiction of the relevant State Government. It was mandated through the Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Amendment Act, (MMDRA) 2015. If you could crack the word “Foundations”, you could easily reach option (b) i.e. statement 2.


13. 'SWAYAM', an initiative of the Government of India, aims at

  1. promoting the Self Help Groups in rural areas
  2. providing financial and technical assistance to young start-up entreprenuers
  3. promoting the education and health of adolescent girls
  4. providing affordable and quality education to the citizens for free

Sol. Ans (d) This was hot off the plate! SWAYAM or Study Webs of Active –Learning for Young Aspiring Minds is an Information Technology platform by Ministry of HRD which will host Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) and provide high quality education on various subjects from school level to Under Graduate and Post Graduate students, covering all disciplines. About 2000 courses shall be launched backed by a network that is expected to support 10 lakh concurrent users on anytime, anywhere basis.


14. The Montague-Chelmsford Proposals were related to

  1. social reforms
  2. educational reforms
  3. reforms in police administration
  4. constitutional reforms

Sol. Ans (d) ) The British had realized by 1916 that Indian aspirations could not be suppressed in their governing model any more. The Montagu–Chelmsford Reforms (Mont-Ford) were introduced to bring self-governing institutions gradually to India. The reforms formed the basis of the Government of India Act 1919. These were rejected by nationalist leaders. Obvious answer is (d). This is a typical civil services exam question!


15. What is/are common to the two historical places known as Ajanta and Mahabalipuram?

  1. Both were built in the same period
  2. Both belong to the same religious denomination
  3. Both have rock-cut monuments.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. None of the statements given above is correct

Sol. Ans (b) An excellent question that asks you to compare. The Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad (Maharashtra) are 30 rock-cut cut Buddhist cave monuments which date from the 2nd century BCE to about 480 or 650 CE. Present day Mahabalipuram site was a seaport during the time of Periplus (1st century AD) and Ptolemy (AD 140). It was established as a town in the 7th century by the Pallava kings who ruled south of Chennai. In subsequent periods it became famous more for its rock-cut temples and caves and also structural Hindu temples built between 630 and 728 AD. So strictly speaking, 1 is wrong. Time periods are not exactly the same. 2 is also wrong. Only 3 is correct.


16. With reference to ‘Bitcoins’, sometimes seen in the news, which of the following statements is/are correct ?

  1. Bitcoins are tracked by the Central Banks of the countries.
  2. Anyone with a Bitcoin address can send and receive Bitcoins from anyone else with a Bitcoin address.
  3. Online payments can be sent without either side knowing the identity of the other.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (b) Bitcoins toh aana hi tha! Of course, Bitcoins are not regulated or tracked by central banks. Of course, the central banks may study their evolution but “track” could mean day-to-day recording of volumes and trends etc. Hence options (a) and (d) can be ruled out. Both 2 and 3 are correct. Hence answer is (b). A good reference link is - https://bitcoin.org/en/faq


17. Consider the following statements:

  1. New Development Bank has been set up by APEC.
  2. The headquarters of New Development Bank is in Shanghai. Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Sol. Ans (b) The New Development Bank was previously known as the BRICS bank. So the five BRICS countries started it, not APEC. Hence 1 is wrong. So options (a) and (c) are wrong. NDB’s HQ is in Shanghai, and the first President is Mr K V Kamath of India, a matter of great pride.


18. ‘Gadgil Committee Report’ and ‘Kasturirangan Committee Report’, sometimes seen in the news, are related to

  1. constitutional reforms
  2. Ganga Action Plan
  3. linking of rivers
  4. protection of Western Ghats

Sol. Ans (d) The Madhav Gadgil Committee (formally known as Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel (WGEEP)) submitted its Report on Western Ghats to the Government of India on 31 August 2011. But later, the Kasturirangan Committee was constituted to examine the WGEEP report. The committee is often called HLWG –denoting the 10 member high-level working group (HLWG), headed by Kasturirangan. Western Ghats’ ecological preservation is a very controversial issue right now.


19. Consider the following:

  1. Calcutta Unitarian Committee
  2. Tabernacle of New Dispensation
  3. Indian Reform Association

Keshab Chandra Sen is associated with the establishment of which of the above?

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (b) This was a tough one. In 1868, Keshub Sen laid the foundation stone of his new church - the Tabernacle of New Dispensation on 24th January. In 1870, he visited England as a spokesman for the Hindu reformation. He set up the Indian Reform Association on 29th October 1870, primarily to publish cheap literature for the poor, fight against alcoholism and to educate women. The Calcutta Unitarian Committee was setup in 1823 by Rammohun Roy, Dwarkanath Tagore, and William Adam. Answer is (b). The exam is expecting you to remember all the associations (even relatively less known ones) and their founders. Modern history and Indian independence movement can have its subtler shades for sure!


20. Which of the following is not a member of ‘Gulf Cooperation Council’?

  1. Iran
  2. Saudi Arabia
  3. Oman
  4. Kuwait

Sol. Ans (a) The GCC consists of all Arab states of the Persian Gulf, except for Iraq. Members are Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Iran is not an Arab country. What territory do Arabs inhabit? The Arab conquests of the seventh century spread the Arabic language and civilization from North Africa to central Asia. Iran is alone among the Middle Eastern peoples conquered by the Arabs, because the Iranians did not lose their language or their identity. Ethnic Persians make up 60 percent of modern Iran, and modern Persian is the official language. (Persian also has official status in Afghanistan, where Dari, or Afghan Persian, is one of two official languages.) In addition, the majority of Iranians are Shiite Muslims while most Arabs are Sunni Muslims.


21. What is/are the purpose/purposes of Government’s ‘Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme’ and ‘Gold Monetization Scheme' ?

  1. To bring the idle gold lying with Indian households into the economy
  2. To promote FDI in the gold and jewellery sector
  3. To reduce India’s dependence on gold imports

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (c) Physical gold lying idle with Indian households has been the bane of governments. The aim of Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGBs) is to curb the import of gold as it will offer benefits and is linked to the prevailing price of physical gold. The Gold Monetisation Scheme (GMS) was also announced on 15 September 2015 to mobilize gold held by households and institutions and facilitate its use for productive purposes and, in the long run, reduce India’s reliance on gold imports. Statement 2 is incorrect. Best answer is (c).


22. "Belt and Road Initiative" is sometimes mentioned in the news in the context of the affairs of

  1. African Union
  2. Brazil
  3. European Union
  4. China

Sol. Ans (d) One of the easiest questions! The obvious answer is (d) – China. President Xi Jinping’s dream project is the One Belt One Road (OBOR) scheme that ambitiously aims to link China with the rest of Eurasia. It has two main components, the land-based "Silk Road Economic Belt" (SREB) and oceangoing "Maritime Silk Road" (MSR). China wants to take a bigger role in global affairs, and has a need to export the production capacity in areas of overproduction such as steel manufacturing. Best answer is (d).


23. Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana is aimed at

  1. bringing the small entrepreneurs into formal financial system
  2. providing loans to poor farmers for cultivating particular crops
  3. providing pensions to old and destitute persons
  4. funding the voluntary organizations involved in the promotion of skill development and employment generation.

Sol. Ans (a) The Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana under the Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency (MUDRA) Bank has been set up for development and refinancing activities relating to micro units and to provide funding to the non corporate small business sector. The government wants youth to be job creators and not job seekers. Three categories of credit are – Shishu (upto Rs.50,000), Kishore (Rs 50,000 to Rs 5 lakh) and Tarun (Rs 5 lakh to Rs 10 lakh). Best answer is (a).


24. In which of the following regions of India are shale gas resources found?

  1. Cambay Basin
  2. Cauvery Basin
  3. Krishna-Godavari Basin

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (d) Indian shale reserves are in six regions – Cambay basin, Gondwana, Assam-Arakan, Krishna-Godavari basin, Cauvery basin and Indo-Gangetic basin. Best answer is (d).


25. ‘Global Financial Stability Report’ is prepared by the

  1. European Central Bank
  2. International Monetary Fund
  3. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
  4. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

Sol. Ans (b) A half-yearly report by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) that assesses the stability of global financial markets and emerging market financing. It focuses on current conditions that could risk an upset in global financial stability and access to financing by emerging market countries. IMF's other publication is the World Economic Outlook. (World Bank publishes the World Development Report) Best answer is (b).


26. Regarding ‘Atal Pension Yojana’, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. It is a minimum guaranteed pension scheme mainly targeted at unorganized sector workers.
  2. Only one member of a family can join the scheme.
  3. Same amount of pension is guaranteed for the spouse for life after subscriber’s death.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (c) Statement 1 is correct. The APY is targeted at unorganized sector workers to give them social security. Another clause relevant to the question is “In case of death of subscriber, pension would be available to the spouse and on the death of both of them (subscriber and spouse), the pension wealth accumulated till age 60 of the subscriber would be returned to the nominee.” So Statement 3 is correct. Regarding 2, it is not mentioned anywhere, hence wrong. (Reference link is http://www.jansuraksha.gov.in/) Best answer is (c).


27. The term ‘Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership’ often appears in the news in the context of the affairs of a group of countries known as

  1. G20
  2. ASEAN
  3. SCO
  4. SAARC

Sol. Ans (b) The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) between ASEAN’s ten members (Brunei, Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam) and the six states with which ASEAN has existing FTAs (Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand). The RCEP is viewed as an alternative to the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade agreement, which includes the United States but excludes China. Answer is (b). Recently RCEP and Doctors without Borders both have been in news. Doctors without Borders has requested India not to accept RCEP due to concerns on affordable medicines (patents and IPR related), and the ASEAN has asked India to either reduce the tariffs or quit the talks on FTA held by RCEP.


28. On which of the following can you find the Bureau of Energy Efficiency Star Label?

  1. Ceiling fans
  2. Electric geysers
  3. Tubular florescent lamps

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (d) The Objectives of Standards & Labeling Program is to provide the consumer an informed choice about the energy saving and thereby the cost saving potential of the marketed household and other equipment. The scheme was launched in 2006 and is currently used for equipments/appliances like Room Air Conditioner, Ceiling Fan, Colour Television, Computer, Direct Cool Refrigerator, Distribution Transformer, Domestic Gas Stove, Frost Free Refrigerator, General Purpose Industrial Motor, Monoset Pump, Openwell Submersible Pump Set, Stationary Type Water Heater, Submersible Pump Set, Tfl, Ballast, Solid State Inverter, Office Automation Products, Diesel Engine Driven Monosetpumps For Agricultural Purposes, Diesel Generator Set, Led Lamps, Inverter Ac etc. Answer is (d).


29. India is an important member of the ‘International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor’. If this experiment succeeds, what is the immediate advantage for India?

  1. It can use thorium in place of uranium for power generation.
  2. It can attain a global role in satellite navigation.
  3. It can drastically improve the efficiency of its fission reactors in power generation.
  4. It can build fusion reactors in power generation.

Sol. Ans (d) An excellent question from Science and Technology. Fusion power has the potential to provide sufficient energy to satisfy mounting demand, and to do so sustainably, with a relatively small impact on the environment. The ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) is an international nuclear fusion research and engineering megaproject, which will be the world's largest magnetic confinement plasma physics experiment. It is an experimental nuclear fusion reactor that is being built in France. The ITER project aims to make the long-awaited transition from experimental studies of plasma physics to full-scale electricity-producing fusion power stations. The project is funded and run by seven member entities—the European Union, India, Japan, China, Russia, South Korea, and the United States. Answer is (d).


30. In the context of the history of India, consider the following pairs :

    Term          Description

  1. Eripatti :    Land, revenue from which was set apart for the maintenance of the village tank.
  2. Taniyurs :   Villages donated to a single Brahmin or a group of Brahmins
  3. Ghatikas :   Colleges generally attached to the temples. Which of the pairs given above is / are correctly matched?
  1. 1 and 2
  2. 3 only
  3. 2 and 3
  4. 1 and 3

Sol. Ans (d) The Eripatti land was basically Tank land. These were lands registered in the name of a particular tank; expenses for periodical dredging and maintenance of the tank were to be carried out with the funds generated as revenue from these lands. Ghatikas was the most important medieval Karnataka educational institution of the Pallavas, located near temples. Taniyurs is a term from the Chola kingdom (850 – 1200 AD). Every village was a self-governing unit. A number of such villages constituted a Korram or nadu. Taniyur was a large village big enough to be a Kurram by itself. Best answer is (d).) This question from ancient and medieval India is a classic civil services one.


CONGRATULATIONS! Nearly 80-85% of the current affairs questions on International Affairs and Indian Affairs were covered in PT's Knowledge Booster series, and in the lectures on GS itself. Complete coverage to all questions in Polity and Government Schemes. A lot of medieval and ancient history too was covered. Agriculture related questions, not only in Paper I but also all passages in Paper II were covered thoroughly. Environment and Ecology all basic were covered, including treaties and conventions. We have received excellent feedback from all our Self-Prep students regarding their performance. All the best for Mains!
For everyone - use these free resources and learn - Bodhi Booster | Hindi Bodhi Booster | Bodhi News
Detailed sessions on Economic Survey 2017, and Budget 2017 to be available 3 days post the events. Enrolment process to be informed.

31. Consider the following statements:

  1. The International Solar Alliance was launched at the Untied Nations Climate Change Conference in 2015.
  2. The Alliance includes all the member countries of the Untied Nations. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Sol. Ans (a) International Solar Alliance, headquartered in India, is the brainchild of PM Modi. The sunshine countries are major countries between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. Modi launched the initiative to form a group of 107 sunshine countries countries (not all UN members) at the India Africa Summit and held a meeting among them before the conclave of 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris on 30 November 2015. Answer is (a).


32. ‘European Stability Mechanism’, sometimes seen in the news, is an

  1. agency created by EU to deal with the impact of millions of refugees arriving from Middle East.
  2. agency of EU that provides financial assistance to eurozone countries.
  3. agency of EU to deal with all the bilateral and multilateral agreements on trade.
  4. agency of EU to deal with the conflicts arising among the member countries.

Sol. Ans (b) The European Stability Mechanism has been in news all through the Eurozone debt crisis that flared up post 2010. It was made to provide financial support to Eurozone countries. Answer is (b).


33. Which of the following statement is/ are the advantage/advantages of practising drip irrigation?

  1. Reduction in weed
  2. Reduction in soil salinity
  3. Reduction in soil erosion

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. None of the above is an advantage of practising drip irrigation.

Sol. Ans (c) The classical ‘leaching requirement’ approach for salinity management does not work well with subsurface drip irrigation (SDI), because irrigation with SDI results in no leaching above the depth of the drip tape, and salts will accumulate throughout the growing season. Irrigation with SDI can maintain suitable root-zone salinity, but surface salt accumulation will occur unless there is adequate leaching due to rainfall or supplemental surface irrigation. Reduction in weed and less soil erosion are definite benefits of drip irrigation. Answer is (c).


34. Regarding ‘DigiLocker’, sometimes seen in the news, which of the following statement is/are correct?

  1. It is a digital locker system offered by the Government under Digital India Programme.
  2. It allows you to access your e-documents irrespective of your physical location.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Sol. Ans (c) Obviously statement 1 is correct. DigiLocker is a GoI scheme under Digital India. Statement 2 is also correct. Official document says - DigiLocker is aimed at the concept of paperless governance. It offers the following benefits: 1. Citizens can access their digital documents anytime, anywhere and share it online. This is convenient and time saving. 2. It reduces the administrative overhead of Government departments by minimizing the use of paper. 3. Digital Locker makes it easier to validate the authenticity of documents as they are issued directly by the registered issuers. 4. Self uploaded documents can be eSigned which is similar to the process of self-attestation. (Reference link is https://digilocker.gov.in) ) Best answer is (c).


35. Recently, linking of which of the following rivers was undertaken?

  1. Cauvery and Tungabhadra
  2. Godavari and Krishna
  3. Mahanadi and Sone
  4. Narmada and Tapti

Sol. Ans (b) With the launch of the Pattiseema lift irrigation scheme in Andhra Pradesh in September 2015, flood water from the river Godavari was pumped into the Polavaram right canal that empties into the river Krishna in Vijayawada.The interlinking of the Godavari and the Krishna was on the anvil for almost five decades and with the commissioning of the Pattiseema scheme, four major rivers in Andhra Pradesh are now connected to one another: Godavari-Krishna, Krishna-Pennar and Pennar-Tungabhadra.


36. In the cities of our country, who among the following atmospheric gases are normally considered in calculating the value of Air Quality Index?

  1. Carbon dioxide
  2. Carbon monoxide
  3. Nitrogen dioxide
  4. Sulphur dioxide
  5. Methane

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  1. 1, 2 and 3 only
  2. 2, 3 and 4 only
  3. 1, 4 and 5 only
  4. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Sol. Ans (b) The Air Quality Index in India uses NO2, SO2 and CO, but not CO2 or Methane.


37. With reference to ‘Astrosat’, the astronomical observatory launched by India, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. Other than USA and Russia, India is the only country to have launched a similar observatory into space.
  2. Astrosat is a 2000 kg satellite placed in an orbit at 1650 km above the surface of the Earth.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Sol. Ans (d) Other than India, the US, Russia, Japan and Europe already have their own space observatories. So statement 1 is wrong. Weight of Astrosat is not 2000 kg but 1630 kg. So statement 2 is also wrong. Hence answer is (d).


38. With reference to the economic history of medieval India, the term ‘Araghatta’ refers to ?

  1. bonded labour
  2. land grants made to military officers.
  3. waterwheel used in the irrigation of land.
  4. wasteland converted to cultivated land.

Sol. Ans (c) India has had a rich tradition of science and technology. Ancient and early medieval Indian scientists had made remarkable progress in the field of astronomy, mathematics and medicine. After the coming of Turks, new technologies were introduced such as paper, spinning wheel, carder's bow, improved water wheel, widespread use of the iron- stirrup, improved metallurgy techniques and devise for cleaning gun barrels. Mughal emperor Babur had enlisted only two Indian devices – one was a time measurement device and the other was an irrigation device. He gave a description of two irrigation devices and their mechanism. One is called by different names, like saqiya or arghatta rahat and the other one is called dhenkli. Best answer is (c).


39. With reference to the cultural history of India, the memorizing of chronicles, dynastic histories and epic tales was the profession of who of the following?

  1. Shramana
  2. Parivraajaka
  3. Agrahaarika
  4. Maagadha

Sol. Ans (d) Maagadha was a courtier in ancient India. As historians point out, memorizing of chronicles, dynastic histories, or epic tales was the work of a different group of people, the sutas and magadhas.Answer is (d).


40. Recently, for the first time in our country, which of the following States has declared a particular butterfly as ‘State Butterfly’?

  1. Arunachal Pradesh
  2. Himachal Pradesh
  3. Karnataka
  4. Maharashtra

Sol. Ans (d) The Blue Mormon is a large, swallowtail butterfly found primarily in Sri Lanka and India, mainly restricted to the Western Ghats of Maharashtra, South India and coastal belts. Maharashtra has become the first State in the country to have a ‘State butterfly’. Answer is (d). Another question from the ecology of Western Ghats.


41. Consider the following statements:
The Mangalyaan launched by ISRO

  1. is also called the Mars Orbiter Mission.
  2. made India the second country to have a spacecraft orbit the Mars after USA.
  3. made India the only country to be successful in making its spacecraft orbit the Mars in its very first attempt.

Which of the following statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (c) We all know that the Mangalyaan of ISRO was also called the MOM (Mars Orbiter Mission). India was the first country to put a spacecraft in Mars orbit in the first attempt. However, before India, the Soviet Union, USA and ESA had already reached there. Hence statement 2 is wrong. Answer is (c).


42. What was the main reason for the split in the Indian National Congress at Surat in 1907?

  1. Introduction of communalism into Indian politics by Lord Minto.
  2. Extremists’ lack of faith in the capacity of the moderates to negotiate with the British Government.
  3. Foundation of Muslim League.
  4. Aurobindo Ghosh’s inability to be elected as the President of the Indian National Congress.

Sol. Ans (b) This is a standard question from Indian independence movement. The INC had split in 1907 at Surat due to the difference in approach of the moderates and extremists.


43. The plan of Sir Stafford Cripps envisaged that after the Second World War

  1. India should be granted complete independence.
  2. India should be partitioned into two before granting independence.
  3. India should be made a republic with the condition that she will join the Commonwealth.
  4. India should be given Dominion status.

Sol. Ans (d) Cripps proposals had suggested a dominion status for India after the second world war. That was a key reason why it was rejected by the nationalists.


44. Consider the following pairs:

    Famous Place          Region

  1. Bodhgaya :           Baghelkhand
  2. Khajuraho :          Bundelkhand
  3. Shirdi :                Vidarbha
  4. Nasik (Nashik) :    Malwa
  5. Tirupati :             Rayalaseema

Which of the pairs given above are correctly matched?

  1. 1, 2 and 4
  2. 2, 3, 4 and 5
  3. 2 and 5 only
  4. 1, 3, 4 and 5

Sol. Ans (c) Khajuraho is in Bundelkhand and Tirupati is in Rayalseema. All other three are wrongly matched. Gaya is located in the Magadh Region. Shirdi is not in eastern Maharashtra (Vidarbha). Malwa doesn’t extend to Nasik in Maharashtra. This is a question mixing Indian geography and cultural landmarks.


45. The Parliament of India acquires the power to legislate on any item in the State List in the national interest if a resolution to that effect is passed by the

  1. Lok Sabha by a simple majority of its total membership.
  2. Lok Sabha by a majority of not less than two-thirds of its total membership.
  3. Rajya Sabha by a simple majority of its total membership.
  4. Rajya Sabha by a majority of not less than two-thirds of its members present and voting.

Sol. Ans (d) There are certain conditions under which the Indian Parliament can legislate even on matters listed under the State List – (a) During President’s rule, (b) if the Rajya Sabha approves a resolution with special majority and declares that a subject is of national interest, (c) during times of national Emergency (under Article 250), (d) if two or more states request the Parliament to make law for an item in State List, or (e) for implementation of certain international treaties e.g. on agriculture etc. Thus, states do not have supreme power even on subjects in the State List. The Union ultimately reigns supreme.


46. Recently, which of the following States has explored the possibility of constructing an artificial inland port to be connected to sea by a long navigational channel?

  1. Andhra Pradesh
  2. Chhattisgarh
  3. Karnataka
  4. Rajasthan

Sol. Ans (d) The Government of Rajasthan had put a proposal before the IWAI (Inland Waterways Authority) to develop an inland shipping port at Jalore. It would be connected to the Arabian Sea by developing a channel along the Kutch Creek. Best answer is (d). Such developments can transform internal transportation in India in the long run.


47. With reference to the Agreement at the UNFCCC Meeting in Paris in 2015, which of the following statement is/are correct?

  1. The Agreement was signed by all the member of countries of the UN and it will go into effect in 2017.
  2. The Agreement aims to limit the greenhouse gas emissions so that the rise in average global temperature by the end of this century does not exceed 2°C or even 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.
  3. Developed countries acknowledged their historical responsibility in global warming and committed to donate $ 1000 billion a year from 2020 to help developing countries to cope with climate change.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (b)  The Paris Agreement is open for signature by States and regional economic integration organizations that are Parties to the UNFCCC (the Convention), from 22 April 2016 to 21 April 2017 at the UN Headquarters in New York. It will enter into force (and thus become fully effective) only if 55 countries that produce at least 55% of the world's greenhouse gas emissions (according to a list produced in 2015) ratify, accept, approve or accede to the agreement. Hence statement 1 is wrong. Statement 2 is correct. For statement 3, there is no such pledge by developed countries. The conference of parties only urged the developed countries to scale up their financing to USD 100 billion. Hence option (b) is correct. A good reference link to check status is http://unfccc.int/2860.php.


48. Consider the following statements :

  1. The Sustainable Development Goals were first proposed in 1972 by a global think tank called the ‘Club of Rome’.
  2. The Sustainable Development Goals have to be achieved by 2030.

Which of the following statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Sol. Ans (b) First use of the term sustainable is attributed to “Club of Rome” but the sustainable development goals were not proposed by it. It is a United Nations initiative. Hence statement 1 is wrong. As per the agreement on sustainable development goals they have to be achieved by 2030. Statement 2 is correct. Hence (b) is the correct option.


49. A recent movie titled The Man Who Knew Infinity is based on the biography of

  1. S. Ramanujan
  2. S. Chandrasekhar
  3. S.N. Bose
  4. C.V. Raman

Sol. Ans (a) The Man Who Knew Infinity is a movie based on the life of S. Ramanujan. This is part of famous personalities topic. It is a 2015 biographical film based on the 1991 book by the same name, by Robert Kanigel. Srinivasa Ramanujan was an Indian mathematician, born in Madras, and later admitted to Cambridge University.


50. Consider the following statements :

  1. The minimum age prescribed for any person to be a member of Panchayat is 25 years.
  2. A Panchayat reconstituted after premature dissolution continues only for the remainder period.

Which of the following statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Sol. Ans (b) The minimum age prescribed for any person to be a member of Panchayat is 21 years. So statement 1 is wrong. Statement 2 is correct. Hence the correct answer is option (b). Local self government is a crucial part of Polity. The 14th Finance Commission has granted a huge budget to Rural and Urban local self governments.


51. ‘Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. A Bill pending in the Lok Sabha lapses on its prorogation.
  2. A Bill pending in the Rajya Sabha, which has not been passed by the Lok Sabha, shall not lapse on dissolution of the Lok Sabha.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Sol. Ans (b) A bill pending in the Lok Sabha does not lapse on prorogation. It can be taken up when the house re-convenes. Hence statement 1 is wrong. A bill pending in the Rajya Sabha which has not been passed by the Lok Sabha does not lapse on dissolution of Lok Sabha. Hence statement 2 is correct. Answer is (b). The GST dynamics have made this topic particularly important.


52. Which of the following is/are the indicator/indicators used by IFPRI to compute the Global Hunger Index Report?

  1. Undernourishment
  2. Child stunting
  3. Child mortality

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3
  4. 1 and 3 only

Sol. Ans (c) The Global Hunger Index Report combines four component indicators – (1) the proportion of the undernourished as a percentage of the population; (2) the proportion of children under the age of five suffering from wasting; (3) the proportion of children under the age of five suffering from stunting; (4) the mortality rate of children under the age of five. Hence option (c) is the correct option, as 1, 2, 3 are all used. India was ranked 80th out of 104 countries in the Global Hunger Index 2015.


53. There has been a persistent deficit budget year after year. Which action/actions of the following can be taken by the Government to reduce the deficit?

  1. Reducing revenue expenditure
  2. Introducing new welfare schemes
  3. Rationalizing subsidies
  4. Reducing import duty

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

Sol. Ans (c) Budget deficits can be controlled by limiting government expenditures, which can be achieved by either reducing revenue expenditure, or reducing expenditure on welfare policies or by rationalizing subsidies. Statements 1 and 3 are correct. 2 will increase the deficit. 4 has no direct link with deficits. Hence option (c) is the correct answer. This is part of fundamentals of Indian economy.


54. The establishment of ‘Payment Banks’ is being allowed in India to promote financial inclusion. Which of the following statements is/are correct in this context?

  1. Mobile telephone companies and supermarket chains that are owned and controlled by residents are eligible to be promoters of Payment Banks.
  2. Payment Banks can issue both credit cards and debit cards.
  3. Payment Banks cannot undertake lending activities.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (b) This was a much expected question as RBI licenses to this sector has been repeatedly in the news. The word “Payment banks” should indicate that they are not in the business of issuing credit, and thus they can’t issue credit cards. They can help people make payments. So, they will issue ATM or Debit cards. Look at the options carefully. Statement 2 is present in three options. They all have to be wrong. Hence the only possible answer is (b).


55. Which reference to ‘LiFi’, recently in the news, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. It uses light as the medium for high speed data transmission
  2. It is a wireless technology and is several times faster than ‘WiFi’.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Sol. Ans (c) Li-Fi = Light Fidelity It is a new technology that uses light (visible light or infrared and near-ultraviolet waves) to carry data, instead of radio frequency waves. An improvised LED bulb functions as a router. It can achieve about 1,000 times data density of Wi-Fi. Option (c) is the correct answer.


56. The term ‘Intended Nationally Determined Contributions’ is sometimes seen in the news in the context of

  1. pledges made by the European countries to rehabilitate refugees from the war- affected Middle East.
  2. plan of action outlined by the countries of the world to combat climate change
  3. capital contributed by the member countries in the establishment of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
  4. plan of action outlined by the countries of the world regarding Sustainable Development Goals

Sol. Ans (b) INDCs are the post-2020 climate action commitments by parties and form the foundation of the Paris Agreement. The UNFCCC deals with climate change and individual countries will decide the amount of contribution they will make. We know that COP 21 was held in Paris from November 30 to December 12, 2015. Negotiations resulted in the adoption of the Paris Agreement on 12 December. The Indian Economic Survey also mentioned it. Intended Nationally Determined Contributions are the plan of action outlined by the member countries to combat climate change. Answer is (b). (Reference link - http://unfccc.int/focus/indc_portal/items/8766.php)


57. Which one of the following is a purpose of ‘UDAY’, a scheme of the Government?

  1. Providing technical and financial assistance to start-up entre preneurs in the field of renewable sources of energy
  2. providing electricity to every household in the country by 2018
  3. Replacing the coal-based power plants with natural gas, nuclear, solar, wind and tidal power plants over a period of time
  4. Providing for financial turnaround and revival of power distribution companies

Sol. Ans (d) This is one of the toughest challenges that the Modi government has decided to tackle head-on. We know that electricity distribution companies (discoms) in India perennially have been in losses due to a complex operating environment, with losses running into several lac crores. The UDAY (Ujjwal Discoms Assurance Yojana) is a scheme to provide for financial turnaround of power distribution companies through financial restructuring, issuing of bonds etc. Correct answer is option (d).


58. With reference to ‘IFC Masala Bonds’, sometimes seen in the news, which of the statements given below is/are correct?

  1. The International Finance Corporation, which offers these bonds, is an arm of the World Bank.
  2. They are the rupee-denominated bonds and are a source of debt financing for the public and private sector

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Sol. Ans (c) IFC is an arm of the World Bank and is issuing these bonds. Statement 2 is also correct. Hence the correct answer is option (c).


59. Regarding the taxation system of Krishna Deva, the ruler of Vijayanagar, consider the following statements:

  1. The tax rate on land was fixed depending on the quality of the land.
  2. Private owners of workshop paid an industries tax.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Sol. Ans (c) The Vijaynagar kingdom has an evolved structure for tax system. Both the given statements are correct. Correct answer is option (c). A typical medieval history question.


60. Which one of the following books of ancient India has the love story of the son of the founder of Sunga dynasty?

  1. Swapnavasavadatta
  2. Malavikagnimitra
  3. Meghadoota
  4. Ratnavali

Sol. Ans (b) Kalidasa’s Malavikagnimitram is based on some events during the reign of Pushyamitra Sunga. The play tells the story of the love of Agnimitra, the Sunga Emperor at Vidisha. Correct answer is (b). Medieval history question.


CONGRATULATIONS! Nearly 80-85% of the current affairs questions on International Affairs and Indian Affairs were covered in PT's Knowledge Booster series, and in the lectures on GS itself. Complete coverage to all questions in Polity and Government Schemes. A lot of medieval and ancient history too was covered. Agriculture related questions, not only in Paper I but also all passages in Paper II were covered thoroughly. Environment and Ecology all basic were covered, including treaties and conventions. We have received excellent feedback from all our Self-Prep students regarding their performance. All the best for Mains!
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61. In the context of which of the following do you sometimes find the terms ‘amber box, blue box and green box’ in the news?

  1. WTO affairfs
  2. SAARC affairs
  3. UNFCCC affairs
  4. India-EU negotiations of FTA

Sol. Ans (a) In WTO terminology, subsidies in general are identified by “Boxes” which are given the colours of traffic lights: green (permitted), amber (slow down — i.e. be reduced), red (forbidden), and there is a Blue Box for subsidies that are tied to programmes that limit production. Hence option (a) is the correct answer. This was an expected question as WTO – TFA – India – Nairobi meet were all in news.


62. Which of the following is/are included in the capital budget of the Government of India?

  1. Expenditure on acquisition of assets like roads, buildings, machinery etc.
  2. Loans received from foreign governments
  3. Loans and advances granted to the States and Union Territories

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (d) Capital budget consists of capital receipts and payments. It also incorporates transactions in the public account. Capital receipts are loans raised by the government from the public which are called market loans, borrowings by the government from the Reserve Bank and other parties through sale of treasury bills, loans received from foreign bodies and governments, and recoveries of loans granted by the central government to state and union territory governments and other parties. Capital payments consist of capital expenditure on acquisition of assets like land, buildings, machinery, and equipment, as also investments in shares, loans and advances granted by the central government to state and union territory governments, government companies, corporations and other parties. Hence all the three statements are correct and the correct answer is option (d).


63. What is/are the importance/ importances of the ‘United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification’?

  1. It aims to promote effective action through innovative national programmes and supportive international partnerships.
  2. It has a special/particular focus on South Asia and North Africa regions, and its Secretariat facilitates the allocation of major portion of financial resources to these regions.
  3. It is committed to bottom-up approach, encouraging the participation of local people in combating the desertification.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (d) Desertification affects agriculture directly. The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in those countries experiencing serious drought and/or desertification, particularly in Africa (UNCCD), is a convention to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought through national action programs that incorporate long-term strategies supported by international cooperation and partnership arrangements. All the three statements are correct and the correct answer is option (d).


64. Recently, which one of the following currencies has been proposed to be added to the basket of IMF’s SDR?

  1. Rouble
  2. Rand
  3. Indian Rupee
  4. Renminbi

Sol. Ans (d) This had made news! IMF’s Statutory Drawing Rights (SDRs) can be exchanged for freely usable currencies. The value of the SDR is currently based on a basket of four major currencies: the U.S. dollar, euro, the Japanese yen, and pound sterling. The basket will be expanded to include the Chinese renminbi (RMB) as the fifth currency, effective October 1, 2016. Although we must remember that SDRs per se are not very important tools, but inclusion of renminbi has a lot of symbolic value. Hence the correct answer is option (d).


65. With reference to International Monetary and Financial Committee (IMFC), consider the following statements:

  1. IMFC discusses matters of concern affecting the global economy, and advises the International Monetary Fund (IMF) on the direction of its work.
  2. The World Bank participates as observer in IMFC’s meetings.
  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Sol. Ans (c) The IMFC has the responsibility of advising, and reporting to, the Board of Governors on matters relating to the Board of Governors’ functions in supervising the management and adaptation of the international monetary and financial system, including the operation of the adjustment process, and in this connection reviewing developments in global liquidity and the transfer of resources to developing countries; considering proposals by the Executive Board to amend the Articles of Agreement; and dealing with disturbances that might threaten the system. Hence statement 1 is correct. A number of international institutions, including the World Bank, participate as observers in the IMFC’s meeting. Hence statement 2 is correct and the correct answer is option (c). This is part of international institutions topic.


66. ‘Rashtriya Garima Abhiyaan’ is a national campaign to

  1. rehabilitate the homeless and destitute persons and provide them with suitable sources of livelihood
  2. release the sex workers from their practice and provide them with alternative sources of livelihood
  3. eradicate the practice of manual scavenging and rehabilitate the manual scavengers
  4. release the bonded labourers from their bondage and rehabilitate them

Sol. Ans (c) In context of the Dalit debate, this is an important issue. The Rashtriya Garima Abhiyan is a national campaign for dignity and eradication of manual scavenging. The practice continues in the country in spite of efforts of several people, implementation of various schemes such as the National Scheme for Liberation and Rehabilitation of Scavengers since 1992 etc., and regardless of it being banned in 1993 through Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrines (prohibition) Act. Hence option (c) is the correct answer.


67. With reference to the cultural history of medieval India, consider the following statements:

  1. Siddhas (Sittars) of Tamil region were monotheistic and condemned idolatry.
  2. Lingayats of Kannada region questioned the theory of rebirth and rejected the caste hierarchy.

Which of the statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Sol. Ans (c) The Siddhas (Sittars) of Tamil region were puritanical and monotheistic and condemned idolatry. Hence statement 1 is correct. The Lingayats of Kannada region questioned the theory of rebirth and rejected the caste hierarchy. Statement 2 is also correct and the correct answer is option (c).


68. Which of the following best describes of term ‘import cover’, sometimes seen in the news?

  1. It is the ratio of value of imports to the Gross Domestic Product of a country
  2. It is the total value of imports of a country in a year
  3. It is the ratio between the value of exports and that of imports between two countries
  4. It is the number of months of imports that could be paid for by a country’s international reserves

Sol. Ans (d) Import cover is the stock of foreign exchange reserves in terms of months of retained imports of goods as at end of year. It measures the number of months of money available in the national bank to cover the cost of imports. For reference, India’s import cover improved to 10.9 months at the end of March 2016, from 9.8 months at end-September 2015. Option (d) is the correct answer.


69. Consider the following pairs:

Community In the affairs sometimes of mentioned in the news

  1. Kurd : Bangladesh
  2. Madhesi : Nepal
  3. Rohingya : Myanmar

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 only
  3. 2 and 3
  4. 3 only

Sol. Ans (c) All the three communities mentioned have been in news. Kurds belong to middle-east and have been struggling against the ISIS etc. They inhabit a mountainous region straddling the borders of Turkey, Iraq, Syria, Iran and Armenia. Hence this pair is not correctly matched. Madheshi are inNepal. They are an indigenous ethnic group of Nepalese people who are natives of the Madhesh plains of Southern Nepal in Terai belt of South Asia. Rohingyas are from Myanmar. They are Muslim Indo-Aryan peoples from the Rakhine State, Myanmar. Hence pairs 2 and 3 are correctly matched and the correct answer is option (c).


70. Which reference to ‘Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)’, consider the following statements:

  1. It is an organization of European Union in working relation with NATO and WHO
  2. It monitors chemical industry to prevent new weapons fromemerging
  3. It provides assistance and protection to States (Parties) against chemical weapons threats.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (b) Statement 1 is wrong. The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) is an intergovernmental organisation, located in The Hague, Netherlands. The mission of the OPCW is to implement the provisions of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in order to achieve the OPCW’s vision of a world that is free of chemical weapons and of the threat of their use. Statements 2 and 3 are correct and the correct answer is option (b).


71. With reference to ‘Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana’, consider the following statements:

  1. Under this scheme, farmers will have to pay a uniform premium of two percent for any crop they cultivate in any season of the year.
  2. This scheme covers post-harvest losses arising out of cyclones and unseasonal rains.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Sol. Ans (b) Under the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana, the rate of Insurance Charges payable by the farmer will be as follows:  For Kharif – 2% of sum insured or actuarial rate, whichever is less, For Rabi – 1.5% of sum insured or actuarial rate, whichever is less, and for Kharif and Rabi – Annual commercial/ Annual Horticulture crops – 5% of sum insured actuarial rate, whichever is less. Hence statement 1 is wrong. Statement 2 is correct and the correct answer is option (b). This question is related to prevailing debate on agriculture in India.


72. In which of the following regions of India are you most likely to come across the ‘Great Indian Hornbill’ in its natural habitat?

  1. Sand deserts of northwest India
  2. Higher Himalayas of Jammu and Kashmir
  3. Salt marshes of western Gujarat
  4. Western Ghats

Sol. Ans (d) The Great Indian Hornbill is the largest member of the hornbill family. It is found in the evergreen forest of Kerala and is distributed in the Western Ghats. They are found in the Nepal region of the Himalayas but not in Jammu and Kashmir. Hence the correct answer is option (d). Some students may have become confused between (b) and (d).


73. Which of the following are the key features of ‘National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA)?

  1. River basin is the unit of planning and management.
  2. It spearheads the river conservation efforts at the national level.
  3. One of the Chief Ministers of the States through which the Ganga flows becomes the Chairman of NGRBA on rotation basis.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (a) National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) has started the Mission Clean Ganga with multiple objectives. Its functions include development of a Ganga River Basin Management Plan, regulation of activities aimed at prevention, control and abatement of pollution, to maintain water quality and to take measures relevant to the river ecology in the Ganga basin states. The authority is chaired by the Prime Minister and has as its members the Union Ministers concerned, the Chief Ministers of the States through which Ganga flows, viz., Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal, among others. Hence statement 1 and 2 are correct and statement 3 is wrong. The correct answer is option (a).


74. Why does the Government of India, promote the use of ‘Neem-coated Urea’ in agriculture?

  1. Release of Neem oil in the soil increases nitrogen fixation by the soil microorganisms
  2. Neem coating slows down the rate of dissolution of urea in the soil
  3. Nitrous oxide, which is a greenhouse gas, is not at all released into atmosphere by crop fields
  4. It is a combination of a weedicide and a fertilizer for particular crops

Sol. Ans (b) When ordinary urea is applied, it gets converted to ammonium carbamate. Some of this gets converted to ammonia gas in what is called ammonia volatilization. About 8-10 per cent nitrogen is lost during volatilization. Neem has properties that check nitrogen loss at each stage. It slows down the process of nitrate formation and hence excess nitrate is not available for identification. Hence the correct answer is option (b).


75. Consider the following statements:

  1. The Chief Secretary in a State is appointed by the Governor of that State.
  2. The Chief Secretary in a State has a fixed tenure.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Sol. Ans (d) Statement 1 is wrong. The Chief Secretary of a state is appointed by the Chief Minister of the state and not by the State Governor. Statement 2 is also wrong. There is no fixed tenure for the post of Chief Secretary. In this context, the Administrative Reforms Commission, in its report on State Administration in 1969, had recommended that a Chief Secretary should have a minimum tenure of three to four years. This suggestion has, however, not been accepted and has not been considered feasible either because, in that case, a C.M. may find himself laden with a Chief Secretary appointed by his predecessor. Correct answer is option (d).


76. With reference to "Stand Up India Scheme", which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. Its purpose is to promote entrepreneurship among SC/ST and women entrepreneurs.
  2. It provides for refinance through SIDBI.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Sol. Ans (c) The Stand Up India scheme is anchored by Department of Financial Services (DFS) to encourage greenfield enterprises by SC/ST and women entrepreneurs. Hence statement 1 is correct. The Stand Up India scheme provides for refinance window through Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) with an initial amount of Rs 10,000 crore. Hence statement 2 is also correct and the correct answer is option (c).


77. The FAO accords the status of "Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System (GIAHS)" to traditional agricultural systems. What is the overall goal of this initiative?

  1. To provide modern technology, training in modern farming methods and financial support to local communities of identified GIAHS so as to greatly enhance their agricultural productivity.
  2. To identify and safeguard ecofriendly traditional farm practices and their associated landscapes, agricultural biodiversity and knowledge systems of the local communities.
  3. To provide Geographical Indication status to all the varieties of agricultural produce in such identified GIAHS

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (b) The overall goal of the partnership is to identify and safeguard Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems and their associated landscapes, agricultural biodiversity and knowledge systems through catalyzing and establishing a long-term programme to support such systems and enhance global, national and local bene‑fits derived through their “dynamic conservation”, sustainable management and enhanced viability. Hence the correct answer is option (b).  The key to identifying the answer is to note that GIS in statement 3 is not a part of this. Hence only (b) is left.


78. Which of the following is/are tributary/tributaries of Brahmaputra?

  1. Dibang
  2. Kameng
  3. Lohit

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (d) All the three rivers are tributaries of river Brahmaputra. Hence option (d) is the correct answer. Rivers are tributaries always figure in this exam.


79. The term "Core Banking Solutions" is sometimes seen in the news. Which of the following statements best describes/describe this term?

  1. It is a networking of a bank’s branches which enables customers to operate their accounts from any branch of the bank on its network regardless of here they open their accounts.
  2. It is an effort to increase RBI’s control over commercial banks through computerization.
  3. It is a detailed procedure by which a bank with huge non-performing assets is taken over by another bank

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (a) This was one of the easiest questions! Statements 2 and 3 are illogical in the context of Core Banking. Only statement 1 is correct. Hence option (a) is the correct answer.


80. Consider the following pairs:

  Terms sometimes seen in the news  Their origin
1.  Annex - I : countries  Cartagena Protocol
2.  Certified : Emissions Reductions  Nagoya Protocol
3.  Clean : Development Mechanism  Kyoto Protocol

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (c) Annex–I countries is a term that features in the Kyoto Protocol. Certified Emissions Reductions also features in the Kyoto protocol. And so does the term Clean Development Mechanism. Hence only the third pair is properly matched. Obviously, one needs to remember the details to solve such questions. Answer is (c).


81. In the context of the developments in Bioinformatics, the term "transcriptome", sometimes seen in the news, refers to

  1. a range of enzymes used in genome editing
  2. the full range of mRNA molecules expressed by an organism
  3. the description of the mechanism of gene expression
  4. a mechanism of genetic mutations taking place in cells

Sol. Ans (b) The term 'transcriptome' refers to the sum total of all the messenger RNA (mRNA) molecules expressed from the genes of an organism. Hence option (b) is the correct answer. The human genome is made up of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid), a long, winding molecule that contains the instructions needed to build and maintain cells. These instructions are spelled out in the form of "base pairs" of four different chemicals, organized into 20,000 to 25,000 genes. For the instructions to be carried out, DNA must be "read" and transcribed - in other words, copied - into RNA (ribonucleic acid). These gene readouts are called transcripts, and a transcriptome is a collection of all the gene readouts present in a cell. By collecting and comparing transcriptomes of different types of cells, researchers can gain a deeper understanding of what constitutes a specific cell type, how that type of cell normally functions, and how changes in the normal level of gene activity may reflect or contribute to disease. In addition, transcriptomes may enable researchers to generate a comprehensive, genome-wide picture of what genes are active in which cells. (Reference link - https://www.genome.gov/13014330/transcriptome-fact-sheet/)


82. "Mission Indradhanush" launched by the Government of India pertains to

  1. immunization of children and pregnant women
  2. construction of smart cities across the country
  3. India’s own search for the Earthlike planets in outer space
  4. New Educational Policy

Sol. Ans (a) 'Mission Indradhanush' was launched by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW) Government of India on 25th December, 2014. The objective of this mission is to ensure that all children under the age of two years as well as pregnant women are fully immunized with seven vaccine preventable diseases. Hence option (a) is the correct answer.


83. Which of the following best describes/describe the aim of "Green India Mission" of the Government of India?

  1. Incorporating environmental benefits and costs into the Union and State Budgets thereby implementing the `green accounting’
  2. Launching the second green revolution to enhance agricultural output so as to ensure food security to one and all in the future
  3. Restoring and enhancing forest cover and responding to climate change by a combination of adaptation and mitigation measures.

Select the correct answer using the code given below

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (c) The National Mission for a Green India is one of the eight Missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). The National Mission for a Green India has three main objectives – 1. Double the area to be taken up for afforestation /eco-restoration in India in the next 10 years, taking the total area to be afforested or eco-restored to 20 million ha. (i.e., 10 million ha of additional forest/non forest area to be treated by the Mission, in addition to the 10 million ha which is likely to be treated by Forest Department and other agencies through other interventions); 2. Increase the GHG removals by India’s forests to 6.35% of India’s annual total GHG emissions by the year 2020 (an increase of 1.5% over what it would be in the absence of the Mission). This would require an increase in above and below ground biomass in 10 million ha of forests/ecosystems, resulting in increased carbon sequestration of 43 million tons CO2-e annually; and 3. Enhance the resilience of forests/ecosystems being treated under the Mission – enhance infiltration, groundwater recharge, stream and spring flows, biodiversity value, provisioning of services (fuel wood, fodder, timber, NTFPs, etc.) to help local communities adapt to climatic variability. Hence statement 3 is correct and the correct answer is option (c). Statement 2 is related to agricultural production & not environment and climate change. Statement 1 is a financial matter not outlined in this mission.


84. With reference to pre-packaged items in India, it is mandatory to the manufacturer to put which of the following information on the main label, as per the Food Safety and Standards (Packaging and Labelling) Regulations, 2011?

  1. List of ingredients including additives.
  2. Nutrition information
  3. Recommendations, if any, made by the medical profession about the possibility of any allergic reactions
  4. Vegetarian/non vegetarian

Select the correct answer using the code given below

  1. 1, 2 and 3
  2. 2, 3 and 4
  3. 1, 2 and 4
  4. 1 and 4 only

Sol. Ans (c) As per the Food Safety and Standards (Packaging and Labelling) Regulations, 2011, it is mandatory for the manufacturer to put the following information on the main label: 1. List of ingredients including additives, 2. Nutrition information, 3. Vegetarian/ non-vegetarian. Hence statements 1, 2 and 4 are correct and the correct answer is option (c). Remember Maggi noodles controversy, and the entry of Patanjali noodles?


85. "Project Loon", sometimes seen in the news, is related to

  1. waste management technology
  2. wireless communication technology
  3. solar power production technology
  4. water conservation technology

Sol. Ans (b) Project Loon is a research and development project being developed by X (formerly Google X) with the mission of providing Internet access to rural and remote areas. The project uses high-altitude balloons placed in the stratosphere at an altitude of about 18 km (11 mi) to create an aerial wireless network with up to 4G-LTE speeds. Hence option (b) is the correct answer. Became controversial due to security issues.


86. 'Net metering’ is sometimes seen in the news in the context of promoting the

  1. production and use of solar energy by the households/ consumers
  2. use of piped natural gas in the kitchens of households
  3. installation of CNG kits in motorcars
  4. installation of water meters in urban households

Sol. Ans (a) Net metering is a billing mechanism that credits solar energy system owners for the electricity they add to the grid. Since India is gunning for a huge jump in its solar output, this is an expected question. Option (a) is the correct answer.


87. India’s ranking in the "Ease of Doing Business Index" is sometimes seen in the news. Which of the following has declared that ranking?

  1. Organization for Economic Cooperation and development (OECD)
  2. World Economic Forum
  3. World Bank
  4. World Trade Organization (WTO)

Sol. Ans (c) A much studied, much debated and much printed topic. The Ease of Doing Business rankings are declared by the World Bank. India as an investment destination requires a higher ranking. Hence option (c) is the correct answer.


88. Banjaras during the medieval period of Indian history were generally

  1. agriculturists
  2. warriors
  3. weavers
  4. traders

Sol. Ans (d) The Banjaras (also called Lambani, Vanjara and Gormati) are a community usually described as nomadic people from the Indian state of Rajasthan, now spread out all over Indian subcontinent. Banjaras were traditionally suppliers of bullock and salt merchants. The word Banjara is said to be derived from Sanskrit word vana chara (wanderers in jungle). The word Lambani or Lamani is derived from Sanskrit word lavana (salt) which was the principal good they transported across the country. Hence the Banjaras were essentially traders, and the correct answer is option (d). The women did embroidery but that was not a means of earning livelihood.


89. Who of the following had first deciphered the edicts of Emperor Ashoka?

  1. Georg Buhler
  2. James Prinsep
  3. Max Muller
  4. William Jones

Sol. Ans (b) King Ashoka, the third monarch of the Indian Mauryan dynasty, has come to be regarded as one of the most exemplary rulers in world history. In the nineteenth century there came to light a large number of edicts, in India, Nepal, Pakistan and Afghanistan. These edicts, inscribed on rocks and pillars, proclaim Asoka's reforms and policies and promulgate his advice to his subjects. In 1837, James Prinsep succeeded in deciphering an ancient inscription on a large stone pillar in Delhi. Several other pillars and rocks with similar inscriptions had been known for some time and had attracted the curiosity of scholars. Prinsep's inscription proved to be a series of edicts issued by a king calling himself "Beloved-of-the-Gods, King Piyadasi." Hence option (b) is the correct answer.


90. With reference to the "Gram Nyayalaya Act", which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. As per the Act, Gram Nyayalayas can hear only civil cases and not criminal cases.
  2. The Act allows local social activists as mediators/reconciliators.

Select the correct answer using the code given below

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Sol. Ans (b) As per the Gram Nyayalaya Act, 2008, the Gram Nyayalayas shall exercise both civil and criminal jurisdiction in the manner and to the extent provided under this Act, hence statement 1 is wrong. As per the said Act, social activists at the village level having integrity for appointment as conciliators who possess such qualifications and experience as may be prescribed by the High Court may be allowed to act as conciliators. Hence statement 2 is correct and the correct answer is option (b).


91. With reference to the "Trans-Pacific Partnership", consider the following statements :

  1. It is an agreement among all the Pacific Rim countries except China and Russia.
  2. It is a strategic alliance for the purpose of maritime security only. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Sol. Ans (d) Regarding 'Trans-Pacific Partnership', statement 1 seems to be correct, but is not. The key is the word “all”. There are 12 Pacific Rim nations in TPP but not all (Philippines is excluded, for example). China and Russia are not a part. The signatories of the TPP include Brunei, Chile, New Zealand, Singapore, Australia, Canada, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, Peru, the United States, and Vietnam. Statement 2 is incorrect. It is not a strategic alliance for the purpose of maritime security only, but it is a trade agreement among twelve Pacific Rim countries. Hence the correct answer is option (d).


92. Consider the the following statements:
The India - Africa Summit

  1. held in 2015 was the third such Summit
  2. was actually initiated by Jawaharlal Nehru in 1951

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Sol. Ans (a) Statement 1 is correct. The India-Africa Forum Summit held at New Delhi during October 26-30, 2015 was the third such summit. Statement 2 is wrong. The India–Africa Forum Summit (IAFS) is the official platform for the African-Indian relations. IAFS will be held once in every three years. It was first held from April 4 to April 8, 2008 in New Delhi, India. It was the first such meeting between the heads of state and government of India and 14 countries of Africa chosen by the African Union. Hence the correct answer is option (a).


93. What is/are the purpose/purposes of the "Marginal Cost of Funds based Lending Rate (MCLR)" announced by RBI?

  1. These guidelines help improve the transparency in the methodology followed by banks for determining the interest rates on advances.
  2. These guidelines help ensure availability of bank credit at interest rates which are fair to the borrowers as well as the banks.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Sol. Ans (c) The Reserve Bank of India has brought a new methodology of setting lending rate by commercial banks under the name Marginal Cost of Funds based Lending Rate (MCLR), from April 2016 onwards. Based upon this MCLR, interest rate for different types of customers should be fixed in accordance with their riskiness. The base rate will be now determined on the basis of the MCLR calculation. The novel element of the MCLR system is that it facilitates the so called monetary transmission (a frequent complaint by the RBI against the banks). The RBI calls the effective passing of repo rate change into interest rate change by the banking system as an important part of monetary transmission. Hence both the above statements regarding MCLR are correct and the correct answer is option (c).


94. What is/are unique about "Kharai camel", a breed found in India?

  1. It is capable of swimming up to three kilometers in seawater.
  2. It survives by grazing on mangroves
  3. It lives in the wild and cannot be domesticated.

Select the correct answer using the code given below

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (a) A googly indeed! The 'Kharai camel' is a type of camel breed found in the Kharai area of Kutch, Gujarat. The unique feature of Kharai camels is that they can swim up to 3 km in search of mangroves, as they survive by grazing on mangroves. So statement 1 and 2 are correct. Statement 3 is wrong. The kharai camels are domestic animals and are owned by people in Bhuj district of Gujarat. Hence the correct answer is option (a).


95. Recently, our scientists have discovered a new and distinct species of banana plant which attains a height of about 11 metres and has orange-coloured fruit pulp. In which part of India has it been discovered?

  1. Andaman Islands
  2. Anaimalai Forests
  3. Maikala Hills
  4. Tropical rain forests of northeast

Sol. Ans (a) The scientists at the Botanical Survey of India (BSI) have discovered a new species of banana from a remote tropical rain forest on the Little Andaman islands. The species, Musa indandamanensis,was located about 16 km inside the Krishna Nalah forest in the island. The new species is about 11 metres high, whereas as the usual banana species is about three to four metres high. The fruit lux of the new species is about one metres, which is thrice the size of regular species. So the correct answer is option (a).


96. Which one of the following is the best description of "INS Astradharini", that was in the news recently?

  1. Amphibious warfare ship
  2. Nuclear-powered submarine
  3. Torpedo launch and recovery vessel
  4. Nuclear-powered aircraft carrier.

Sol. Ans (c) INS Astradharani is Indian Navy's first totally indigenously-designed and built torpedo launch and recovery vessel. Hence the correct answer is option (c). In light of all the navy related accidents, weapons-purchase issues etc., this was important.


97. What is "Greased Lightning-10 (GL-10)", recently in the news?

  1. Electric plane tested by NASA
  2. Solar-powered two-seater aircraft designed by Japan
  3. Space observatory launched by China
  4. Reusable rocket designed by ISRO

Sol. Ans (a) The GL-10 Greased Lightning is a hybrid diesel-electric tilt-wing aircraft. The full-scale GL-10 will be a diesel-electric tilt-wing. Currently, NASA has built a 50% scale 10-foot wing span all electric battery powered demonstrator. Hence the correct answer is option (a). Clean energy issue.


98. With reference to "Initiative for Nutritional Security through Intensive Millets Promotion", which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. This initiative aims to demonstrate the improved production and post-harvest technologies, and to demonstrate value addition techniques, in an integrated manner, with cluster approach.
  2. Poor, small, marginal and tribal farmers have larger stake in this scheme.
  3. An important objective of the scheme is to encourage farmers of commercial crops to shift to millet cultivation by offering them free kits of critical inputs of nutrients and micro irrigation equipment.

Select the correct answer using the code given below

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (a) The 'Initiative for Nutritional Security through Intensive Millets Promotion' aims to demonstrate the improved production and post-harvest technologies in an integrated manner with visible impact to catalyze increased production of millets in the country. Besides increasing production of millets, the Scheme through processing and value addition techniques is expected to generate consumer demand for millet based food products. So statement 1 is correct. Statement 3 is partly correct and hence may confuse students. The scheme provides for free kits of critical inputs of nutrients but does not provide for micro irrigation equipment. Hence statement 3 is wrong and the correct answer is option (a).


99. The "Swadeshi" and "Boycott" were adopted as methods of struggle for the first time during the

  1. agitation against the Partition of Bengal
  2. Home-Rule Movement
  3. Non-Cooperation Movement
  4. Visit of the Simon Commission to India

Sol. Ans (a) The Swadeshi and Boycott were first adopted as methods of struggle during the agitation against the partition of Bengal. Hence the correct answer is option (a).


CONGRATULATIONS! Nearly 80-85% of the current affairs questions on International Affairs and Indian Affairs were covered in PT's Knowledge Booster series, and in the lectures on GS itself. Complete coverage to all questions in Polity and Government Schemes. A lot of medieval and ancient history too was covered. Agriculture related questions, not only in Paper I but also all passages in Paper II were covered thoroughly. Environment and Ecology all basic were covered, including treaties and conventions. We have received excellent feedback from all our Self-Prep students regarding their performance. All the best for Mains!
For everyone - use these free resources and learn - Bodhi Booster | Hindi Bodhi Booster | Bodhi News
Detailed sessions on Economic Survey 2017, and Budget 2017 to be available 3 days post the events. Enrolment process to be informed.

100. With reference to the religious history of India, consider the following statements:

  1. The concept of Bodhisattva is central to Hinayana sect of Buddhism
  2. Bodhisattva is a compassionate one on his way to enlightenment
  3. Bodhisattva delays achieving his own salvation to help all sentient beings on their path to it.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 2 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Sol. Ans (b) Bodhisattva concept is central to the Mahayana sect of Buddhism, and not Hinayana sect. Hence statement 1 is wrong. Statements 2 and 3 are correct and the correct answer is option (b).


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ANSWER KEY SET C